What is NAS? An Idiot’s Guide to Network Attached Storage

What is NAS?

NAS

I know it seems like a bloody obvious question to many of you, but all to often people find themselves in a position that they are required to buy one, without really know what a NAS actually is. There is no shame in not knowing about NAS (Network Attached Storage) till now – I only really got to grips with them 4-5 years ago and things have changed so much in that time. However, now with so much of our data living in the cloud, so much of our day to day processes being digital and every human being creating data constantly (often without knowing it – don’t believe me? You aren’t reading this on a newspaper you know…) the idea of people owning their own portion of internet/cloud storage that is secure and personal has become increasingly attractive. Whether it is personal security, protecting cherished memories or even something as basic yet necessary as building your own media collection, NAS servers have become a very attractive option indeed.

A NAS is a digital storage device for accessing data over the internet

sonos nas network drive

ON the face of it, a NAS is a painfully simple idea. Like a portable hard drive (like a USB Stick or USB Drive), it is a means to store digital information (documents, pictures, music, videos and more) for accessing when you need. A NAS device though also is a means to give you internet or network based connectivity to data. SO unlike the USB Drive or USB Stick, you do not need to carry it along with you at all times – accessing via the network, internet over WiFi, Mobile data and more. At it’s very heart, that is all Network attached storage is. However, In reality it is SO MUCH more than that, but at real basic terms that is what it is.

What is Digital Media and why makes NAS different?

different digital media types

Think Memory Cards, Hard Drives, CDs and DVDs – all those blank data storage mediums – NAS gives you access to the data jsut as they do, but without physically having the storage media with you. More over, unlike those older means of data storage, a NAS provides incredibly high levels of capacity – Thanks to thing like RAID, NAS Drives and increased internet speeds, but let’s get to that later.

Think of the difference between watching a movie by bunging in a DVD and watching it on your TV, compared with watching TV through your aerial. In one you need access to the physical media and involves physically holding the device. The other gives you access without holding the strage media. that is what NAS is – accessing all your data, adding more and more data to the NAS so that too can be accessed easily and all the time reducing duplication and carrying less and less.

THAT IS AN EXCEPTIONALLY BASIC AND LIMITED DESCRIPTION – SHALL WE DIG A LITTLE DEEPER?

Feeling Brave? Ok let’s go on. Let us go into more specific scenarios where using a NAS can be of benefit to you.

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What can a NAS Server Do?

How easy is it to set a PLEX Media Server on a NAS 1

A NAS is more than just a bunch of hard drives that can be accessed remotely. A NAS has a number of integrated features that have evolved alongside our own digital lives. It is no longer a one way street – now NAS arrive with sophisticated CPUs and operating systems that mean that they are as much about accessing your data you have on your everyday as much as you accessing the data on it. In practice that means that far from just being a repositary that you access your files when you need them, you can using the NAS to protect data on every other device from loss, fire, theft and more. So, a NAS Lets you:

BACKUP all the data on your mobile and portable data to day devices (and those static ones at home or the office) so that you never lose a MB of data where- ever you are

How many files will you put on your NAS

ARRANGE all your media, documents and other files types in a more presentable form, with ready access on any network enabled device

DISTRIBUTE your data (all types) to those you wish to see and share it, with full privilege and password control as you see fit.

The QNAP TVS-473 Gold NAS 4-Bay Unboxing, featuring AMD R7 Qmail agent

DEPLOY web and mail servers meaning that if you own a website and want all the digital assets in a single location for speeding hosting (everything from banners and customer information) you can grow a small or big business from this one device. As well as create virtually unlimited email accounts to communicate between.

Use NAS to share files between Mac and PC as well as Mobile and Desktop machines

– ACCESS your data via multiple platforms. Not just Mac and Windows Desktop systems, but also a large library of mobile apps for Android, iOS and Windows mobiel, Server level access and even communication between other NAS servers too. This coupled with constant syncronization options with your host computers and some NAS arriving with direct attached USB access too, there is so many ways in which to access your data that you will always have a fall back position available in case one is unavailable.

right OS for PCIe installation

BRIDGE other devices in your homes, from Mac and Windows systems that normally won’t play nice, to having cameras in or outside your home or business that send their recordings to your NAS, which you can then access in real-time anywhere in the word and on almost any network device

Recreate your entire office network with your Synology NAS and Office Application

CREATE whole shared environments for friends, family, colleagues and clients within your NAS. Ranging from shared spaces were files can be accessed, edited and shared, to to-do list dashboards that included communication facilites, office applications for editing all types of documents via your web browser and even virtual computer desktops that mean that all work is centralised and suitably safe

ALL OF THE ABOVE is possible, at the same time and with security and peace on mind on your side.

DS216+ Front The QNAP TS-431X-2G 10GbE NAS 4-Bay Unboxing and Walkthrough 1 The Synology DS1817 8-Bay NAS 10GbE RJ45 Business Class RAID File Server Unboxing and Walkthrough 1
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What are the Alternatives to NAS devices?

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Still not convinced? Ok, that is understandable. A NAS can cost somewhere from £100 to £2000 based on your needs, so it is completely understandable that you would want to look at alternatives. Here are the alternatives and why they suck a bit:

Option #1 – Storing all your data on multiple local USB and DAS devices

A simple idea in theory, but very dated and prone to issue after a short while. Duplicates get made, files fall between the cracks, data is spread across multiple devices and if you don’t have the right drive at the right time, it could be GAME OVER.

How many files can I put on a hard drive

Additionally, storing all your data across multiple drives and locations is not only unsafe, but incredibly inefficient. All that wasted hard drive space, plus the time it takes to sort through them when you need to make space. Even worse, in a system like that, most people take for granted that there data ‘might’ be on another drive/device and therefore safe to delete – EVERYONE has a horror story like that. With a NAS, you have a centralised data location – duplication is controlled, space management is controlled, backups are controlled and most importantly of all – you save TIME – the most valuable comodity of all.

Option #2 – Use 3rd Party Cloud Providers such as DropBox, Amazon S3 and Google drive

Cheap in the short terms, but expensive in the long term. Also eventually you will one day need to move that data from the cloud anyway – so you should of bought a NAS anyway.

consumer 3rd party cloud storage

The appeal of third party cloud providers such as Google Drive, DropBox, iCloud, Amazon S3 and more cannot be denied. If you only need 10-50GB of space, it is often completely free and moreover gives you the same level of internet access. BUT, that is really the only good thing you can say about it when comparing with NAS. in every other way NAS has it beat. You can have much bigger space/storage available from a NAS, as well as much more bespoke and personalised security measures available. Everything from individually setup encryption (as apposed to the group user treatment of most cloud server providors), the ability to physically disconnect your data from internet and network access (just pull a cable) as well as secure knowledge that when you delete, gone means GONE.

Synology DS216J Budget NAS for Cost Effective Network Attached Storage Users  The QNAP TS-253A, TS-453B and TS-653B NAS for Plex, DLNA, VM, Home and Business 22  NAS for Plex 
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There are many, many other reasons why NAS trumps third party cloud (not just becuase it is cheaper in the long run, see below for our fast video on NAS versus the Cloud:

What are the best NAS to buy for my data?

span-com-nas-experts No one wants to waste their money. Although NAS is very common, it is all too easy to find out you have bought a NAS server that is either too weak for the job, or even worse, over spending horrifically and getting something with power and resources you will never use. Ultimately we recommend SPAN.COM, the NAS Experts. They have over 25 years of Data storage experience and have experience with almost every NAS device from the likes of Synology, QNAP, Drobo, Thecus, WD and more.

Providing cost effective World-wide shipping, PRE and POST sales technical support through phone, email and live-Chat at no additional cost and including all building, RAID configuration and Bad Sector checks for free, there is a reason everyone chooses SPAN for their NAS server needs. Why not check them out.

There are of course other, lesser known NAS brands out there and although NASCompares and SPAN.COM Recommend the bigger, safer and more established bands for your NAS needs. There is no harm in checking them out – if only as a point of comparison. Ultimately if your budget is tight, then you can go with brands like D-Link, Terramaster and Asustor. However this are considerably less ‘featured’ NAS platforms and in some cases are jsut network storage, without any multimedia support whatsoever. sO take the time to check before you buy, or contact SPAN.COM for advice before buying with them.

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