Cost Effective QNAP TS-432X and TS-632X Desktop 10GbE and ECC Memory Ready NAS Revealed

QNAP Reveal a New (and frankly incredible) ARM NAS Series – The TS-x32X NAS Range

At the recent Computex 2024 event, QNAP introduced two new NAS models, the TS-632X and TS-432X, which are poised to be valuable additions to their network storage offerings. These devices are specifically designed to cater to small to medium-sized businesses and tech-savvy users who need reliable and efficient data management solutions. Both models are powered by the Annapurna Labs AL524, a quad-core 2.0GHz ARM processor known for its energy efficiency and capability to handle multitasking workloads. Despite being based on ARM architecture, which typically doesn’t match the performance of Intel or AMD x86 processors, these NAS devices promise satisfactory performance for their target applications. This positioning highlights QNAP’s ongoing commitment to providing practical, affordable solutions that meet the diverse needs of modern data storage environments.

What are the Hardware Specifications of the QNAP TS-432x and TS-632x NAS?

The TS-632X, with its 6-bay configuration, offers dual 10GbE SFP+ ports, providing significant bandwidth for data-intensive tasks. This makes it suitable for high-speed network environments where rapid data transmission and backup are crucial. The inclusion of two 10GbE ports enables efficient data handling and minimizes latency in data-heavy operations. Meanwhile, the TS-432X, featuring a 4-bay setup, includes a single 10GbE SFP+ port, which, although less than the TS-632X, still offers substantial improvement over traditional 1GbE connections. For those who need to connect to conventional Ethernet networks, affordable SFP+ to RJ45 copper adapters are available, allowing these NAS systems to integrate seamlessly into existing infrastructures. However, it’s important to note that while these devices boast high-speed connectivity, the actual data transfer rates will likely be lower due to the inherent limitations of ARM processors compared to more powerful x86 processors from Intel and AMD.

Feature TS-432X


Model TS-432X-4G TS-632X-4G
CPU Annapurna Labs, an Amazon company Alpine AL524, 4-core, 2.0GHz Annapurna Labs, an Amazon company Alpine AL524, 4-core, 2.0GHz
CPU Architecture 64-bit ARM 64-bit ARM
Encryption Engine Supports AES 256-bit encryption Supports AES 256-bit encryption
System Memory 4 GB SODIMM DDR4 (1 x 4 GB) 4 GB SODIMM DDR4 (1 x 4 GB)
Maximum Memory 16 GB (1 x 16 GB) 16 GB (1 x 16 GB)
Memory Slot 1 x SODIMM DDR4 1 x SODIMM DDR4
Support ECC Memory Yes Yes
Drive Bay 4 x 3.5-inch SATA 6Gb/s, 3Gb/s 6 x 3.5-inch SATA 6Gb/s, 3Gb/s
2.5 Gigabit Ethernet Ports 2 (2.5G/1G/100M) 2 (2.5G/1G/100M)
10 Gigabit Ethernet Ports 1 x 10GbE SFP+ 2 x 10GbE SFP+
PCIe Slot 1 x PCIe Gen 3 x4 1 x PCIe Gen 3 x4
PCIe Slot Dimensions 190 x 68.9 x 18.76 mm 190 x 68.9 x 18.76 mm
USB 3.2 Gen 1 Ports 2 2
Dimensions (HxWxD) 226.5 x 170 x 165 mm 226.5 x 235 x 165 mm
Weight (Net) 1.99 kg 2.5 kg
Weight (Gross) 4.8 kg 4.96 kg
Power Supply Unit 90W adapter (12VDC), 100-240VAC 120W adapter (12VDC), 100-240VAC
Fan 1 x 120mm, 12VDC 2 x 90mm, 12VDC
Software Features AI photo management, container applications, centralized backup and snapshot protection, surveillance AI photo management, container applications, centralized backup and snapshot protection, surveillance
Connections 2 x USB 3.2 Gen 1 (5Gbps) ports 2 x USB 3.2 Gen 1 (5Gbps) ports
Faster USB Transfer Two USB 3.2 Gen 1 (5Gbps) ports with One Touch Copy support Two USB 3.2 Gen 1 (5Gbps) ports with One Touch Copy support
Centralized Backup Easily back up different types of data and endpoints and create snapshots regularly to prevent ransomware threats Easily back up different types of data and endpoints and create snapshots regularly to prevent ransomware threats
10GbE Connectivity High-speed single-port 10GbE SFP+ connectivity High-speed dual-port 10GbE SFP+ connectivity
PCIe Expandability Install PCIe expansion card for 2.5/5/10GbE or M.2 SSD slots Install PCIe expansion card for 2.5/5/10GbE or M.2 SSD slots
Performance Quad-core for multitasking, low power consumption Quad-core for multitasking, low power consumption

A standout feature of both the TS-632X and TS-432X is their support for ECC (Error-Correcting Code) memory, which is a rare offering in ARM-based NAS systems, particularly at an accessible price point. By default, these NAS units are equipped with non-ECC memory, but they allow users the option to upgrade to ECC memory. ECC memory is crucial for preventing data corruption by detecting and correcting errors, making it a valuable addition for users who prioritize data integrity and reliability. This feature is particularly beneficial for businesses and advanced users who require stable and accurate data storage solutions, providing an added layer of security typically reserved for more expensive, enterprise-grade systems. However, users should note that the out-of-the-box memory is non-ECC, and an upgrade will be necessary to take full advantage of ECC’s capabilities.

The expandability of the TS-632X and TS-432X is another notable aspect, particularly with the inclusion of a PCIe Gen 3 x4 slot. This slot enables users to install various expansion cards to enhance the NAS’s capabilities, such as additional network cards to increase connectivity options or M.2 SSD slots to boost storage performance. This PCIe slot provides a degree of scalability and customization, allowing these NAS systems to grow and adapt to changing business needs. Additionally, users can expand storage externally using QNAP’s TR and TL series expansion units via USB, further increasing the capacity and versatility of these NAS devices. This capability allows for significant expansion without requiring a complete overhaul of the storage infrastructure, making it a flexible and cost-effective solution for growing data storage requirements.

The TS-632X delivers impressive data transfer capabilities, with read speeds up to 2251 MB/s and write speeds up to 1082 MB/s when utilizing dual 10GbE connections under optimal conditions. The TS-432X, on the other hand, provides read speeds up to 1181 MB/s and write speeds up to 887 MB/s through its single 10GbE port. These figures reflect robust performance for ARM-based devices, but it’s important to recognize that actual speeds in everyday use may be lower due to the limitations of the ARM CPU. ARM processors, while efficient and cost-effective, generally do not perform as well in high-intensity data operations compared to their x86 counterparts. This factor should be considered by users looking for the highest possible data transfer speeds, as these systems may not match the throughput of more powerful, x86-based NAS devices.

A notable feature of these NAS systems is their scalability. Both the TS-632X and TS-432X support flexible storage configurations, allowing users to start with a minimal setup of one or two drives and add more drives as needed. This makes it possible to expand the storage capacity over time without significant upfront investment. Furthermore, the systems run on QNAP’s QTS operating system, which is based on the EXT4 file system rather than the more advanced QuTS ZFS platform. This choice is likely due to hardware limitations, as ZFS typically requires more robust hardware resources to run effectively. While QTS provides a user-friendly interface and sufficient functionality for most users, those looking for advanced features like deduplication and enhanced data integrity checks offered by ZFS will need to consider other options.

Both the TS-632X and TS-432X are slated for release in Q3 2024, with pricing expected to be consistent with QNAP’s previous ARM-powered 10GbE systems. This positions them competitively in the market, offering high-speed connectivity and robust data management features at a reasonable cost. As such, they are well-suited for users who need efficient and scalable storage solutions without incurring the higher costs associated with more powerful x86-based NAS systems. This upcoming release reflects QNAP’s strategy of providing accessible and flexible storage solutions that cater to a wide range of users, from small businesses to tech enthusiasts.

Essentially the QNAP TS-632X and TS-432X are being presented as practical and scalable solutions for those seeking reliable network storage with high-speed connectivity, but on a tighter budget! While they offer some advanced features such as ECC memory support and PCIe expandability, their performance is inherently limited by the ARM architecture. These NAS systems are suitable for users who need moderate performance and scalability at an affordable price point. As with any technology decision, potential users should consider their specific needs and performance expectations to determine if these models are the right fit for their requirements. QNAP’s new offerings at Computex 2024 underscore the company’s commitment to providing versatile, user-friendly storage solutions that balance cost and functionality.


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      9 thoughts on “Cost Effective QNAP TS-432X and TS-632X Desktop 10GbE and ECC Memory Ready NAS Revealed

      1. Where are the air intake holes? How do the drive bays look? Can you reflash your own OS? Are drives connected with vibration dampeners? Can it communicate with a UPS?