TrueNAS on a UGREEN NAS – INSTALLATION GUIDE

A Step-by-Step Guide to Install TrueNAS on a Ugreen NAS

Installing TrueNAS on a Ugreen NAS can significantly enhance your network storage capabilities by providing a robust, open-source operating system designed for managing and sharing data. This guide will walk you through the detailed process of setting up TrueNAS on your Ugreen NAS, from initial preparation and data backup to BIOS configuration and final installation. Whether you are replacing the existing SSD or disabling it to install TrueNAS, these steps ensure a smooth and efficient setup. Additionally, we provide an alternative method for installing other third-party operating systems, such as UnRAID, using the Ugreen NAS GUI and BIOS modifications.

Important – The UGREEN NAS Software is still in it’s first year of active development, and this follows several months of Kickstarter crowdfunding. Therefore the software is still in it’s early stages of development. It IS a decent enough NAS operating system, that the manufacturer assures users will see more and more AAA+ features added to it in a planned roadmap. So, I would recommend taking some time with the UGOS NAS software before making a switch to a 3rd Party OS. Additionally, it is worth noting that UGREEN have also made it clear that choosing to use a 3rd Party NAS OS will not invalidate your hardware warranty, as long as the software does not negatively impact the hardware (eg overclocking the CPU to fry it, disabling fans and that harms the internal components through overheating, etc).

What You Need:

  • Ugreen NAS system
  • USB drive (at least 8GB recommended)
  • HDMI output cable
  • Keyboard (and optionally, a mouse)
  • USB docking station or splitter (recommended)
  • New SSD (if replacing the existing one)

Preparation:

Ensure you have all the necessary tools and components before starting the installation.

1. Backup Data:

  • Access Ugreen NAS settings:
    • Login to the Ugreen NAS management interface.

  • Backup configuration and data:
    • Backup configuration to a local file or Ugreen cloud.
    • Use the Backup and Sync tool or the Net Tool to back up files to OneDrive, another remote NAS, or another Ugreen NAS system.

  • Ensure all critical data is securely backed up to prevent data loss during the installation process.

2. Prepare the NAS:

  • Decide on OS SSD usage:
    • If you plan to use the existing SSD, note that it will be wiped during the installation.
    • If replacing, open the NAS and remove the SSD.

  • Refer to specific guides for your model (2-bay, 4-bay, etc.) to dismantle the NAS and access the SSD. Ugreen models typically use a 2280 SSD, while smaller models may use a 2242 SSD.
  • Alternatively, (LATER ON) disable the internal SSD in BIOS to prevent overwriting.

3. Download Necessary Tools:

  • Download Rufus:
    • Visit the Rufus website and download the latest version of Rufus.

4. Create a Bootable USB:

  • Insert the USB drive into your PC.

  • Open Rufus:
    • Launch Rufus.
    • Select the USB drive in the “Device” dropdown.
    • Click “SELECT” and choose the TrueNAS ISO you downloaded.
    • Leave other settings at their default and click “START” to create the bootable USB.
  • Safely remove the USB drive after the process completes.

5. Setup the NAS for Installation:

  • Insert the bootable USB into the Ugreen NAS.
  • Connect the NAS to a monitor using an HDMI cable.
  • Connect a keyboard (and mouse if available).
  • Connect the NAS to a network via an Ethernet cable.

6. Boot and Enter BIOS:

  • Power on the NAS and repeatedly press the F12 and Delete keys to enter BIOS.

  • Disable the Watchdog timer:
    • Navigate to the “Advanced” tab.
    • Locate the “Watchdog Timer” option and disable it to prevent the system from shutting down during installation.

  • Note – if you are running the i5 UGREEN NAS systems, the Watchdog option might be in the ‘FAST’ tab – see below:

  • Change the boot order:
    • Navigate to the “Boot” tab.
    • Set the USB drive as the first boot option.

  • Disable the internal SSD drive:
    • Navigate to the “Boot” tab or “Advanced” tab (depending on your BIOS version).
    • Find the internal SSD listed in the drives and disable it to ensure it isn’t used during the installation.
    • IF you want to keep the internal UGREEN NAS OS on the internal SSD, but do not want to risk ‘overwriting it’ or booting from it in error, you can DISABLE the SSD bay in the BIOS

7. Install TrueNAS:

  • Save BIOS settings and reboot.
  • The system should boot from the USB and start the TrueNAS installation process.

  • Follow the on-screen instructions to install TrueNAS on the SSD or chosen storage.
  • Set up TrueNAS with a name, root/admin access, and other configuration details.

8. Complete Installation:

  • Reboot the system after installation.
  • Ensure the NAS is connected to the network for easier access.

9. Access and Configure TrueNAS:

  • Once rebooted, TrueNAS should be accessible on the network.
  • Use a web browser on a PC connected to the same network to find the NAS IP address.
    • Example: Open a browser and enter http://<NAS_IP_ADDRESS>.
  • Complete the TrueNAS setup:
    • Create storage pools.
    • Configure shares and other settings as needed.

Additional Resources:

  • Detailed instructions and troubleshooting:
    • Refer to guides provided in the video description.
    • Check specific Ugreen NAS model guides for dismantling and SSD replacement.
  • Further setup and advanced configurations:

By following these steps, you should be able to install and set up TrueNAS on your Ugreen NAS efficiently.

Alternative Way to Install a Third-Party OS on a Ugreen NAS

If you want the system to boot into BIOS without having to spam the Ctl+F12 keys, you can arrange this via the UGREEN UGOS NAS software GUI. Below outlines an alternative method to install a third-party OS (e.g., UnRAID or TrueNAS) on a Ugreen NAS using both the Ugreen NAS GUI and BIOS modifications. You will still need a Keyboard/Video output, however, later on:

Initial Setup Using Ugreen NAS GUI:

  • Power on and connect the NAS:
    • Connect your NAS to a monitor via HDMI.
    • Connect a keyboard and mouse to the NAS.
    • Connect the NAS to your network via an Ethernet cable.
  • Download the Ugreen app:
    • Install the Ugreen app on your mobile device (available on iOS and Android).
  • Initialize the NAS:
    • Open the Ugreen app and follow the prompts to initialize your NAS.
    • Set an admin account and configure basic settings.
    • Skip setting up a Ugreen Cloud account if not needed.
  • Enable SSH Access:
    • In the Ugreen NAS GUI, go to Control Panel.
    • Navigate to Terminal and enable SSH access.

Modifying UGOS and BIOS:

  • Access the NAS via SSH:
    • On your PC, open Command Prompt.
    • Type ssh [username]@[NAS IP] and press Enter.
    • Type yes if prompted to continue connecting.
    • Enter the NAS user password when prompted.
  • Identify the Boot Partition:
    • In the SSH session, type lsblk to list block devices.
    • Identify the nvme drive with the boot partition (usually labeled as nvme0n1p1).
  • Gain Superuser Access:
    • Type sudo su and press Enter.
    • Enter your password when prompted.
  • Mount the Boot Partition:
    • Type mkdir /mnt/nvme_efi and press Enter to create a mount directory.
    • Type mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /mnt/nvme_efi and press Enter (replace nvme0n1p1 with your actual partition name).
  • Rename EFI Directory:
    • Type cd /mnt/nvme_efi and press Enter.
    • Type ls to list the directory contents.
    • Type mv EFI EFI_RENAME and press Enter to rename the EFI directory.
    • Type ls again to confirm the directory has been renamed.
  • Reboot to BIOS:
    • Type reboot and press Enter.
    • The NAS should reboot and enter the UEFI setup screen.
  • Disable Watchdog Control in BIOS:
    • Navigate to the Advanced tab.
    • Select Watchdog Settings.
    • Disable Watchdog Control to prevent the system from rebooting every 3 minutes if UGOS is not detected.

Installing UnRAID or TrueNAS:

  • Prepare UnRAID or TrueNAS Bootable USB:
    • For UnRAID: Create a bootable UnRAID USB drive using the UnRAID USB Creator tool on your PC.
    • UnRAID USB will load the NAS software into the system cache/memory.
    • For TrueNAS: Download the TrueNAS Core or Scale ISO from the TrueNAS website.
    • Use Rufus to create a bootable USB from the TrueNAS ISO.
    • TrueNAS installation USB will load into the installer, which installs the TrueNAS Core/Scale OS onto an internal SSD.
  • Insert Bootable USB:
    • Plug the UnRAID or TrueNAS USB drive into the NAS.
  • Save BIOS Changes and Reboot:
    • Save the BIOS changes and reboot the NAS.
    • The NAS should now boot from the USB drive and start the respective OS installation process.

By following these steps, you should be able to install a third-party OS on your Ugreen NAS.

📧 SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER 🔔


    🔒 Join Inner Circle

    Get an alert every time something gets added to this specific article!


    Want to follow specific category? 📧 Subscribe

    This description contains links to Amazon. These links will take you to some of the products mentioned in today's content. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Visit the NASCompares Deal Finder to find the best place to buy this device in your region, based on Service, Support and Reputation - Just Search for your NAS Drive in the Box Below

    Need Advice on Data Storage from an Expert?

    Finally, for free advice about your setup, just leave a message in the comments below here at NASCompares.com and we will get back to you. Need Help? Where possible (and where appropriate) please provide as much information about your requirements, as then I can arrange the best answer and solution to your needs. Do not worry about your e-mail address being required, it will NOT be used in a mailing list and will NOT be used in any way other than to respond to your enquiry.

      By clicking SEND you accept this Privacy Policy
      Question will be added on Q&A forum. You will receive an email from us when someone replies to it.
      🔒Private Fast Track Message (1-24Hours)

      TRY CHAT Terms and Conditions
      If you like this service, please consider supporting us. We use affiliate links on the blog allowing NAScompares information and advice service to be free of charge to you.Anything you purchase on the day you click on our links will generate a small commission which isused to run the website. Here is a link for Amazon and B&H.You can also get me a ☕ Ko-fi or old school Paypal. Thanks!To find out more about how to support this advice service check HEREIf you need to fix or configure a NAS, check Fiver Have you thought about helping others with your knowledge? Find Instructions Here  
       
      Or support us by using our affiliate links on Amazon UK and Amazon US
          
       
      Alternatively, why not ask me on the ASK NASCompares forum, by clicking the button below. This is a community hub that serves as a place that I can answer your question, chew the fat, share new release information and even get corrections posted. I will always get around to answering ALL queries, but as a one-man operation, I cannot promise speed! So by sharing your query in the ASK NASCompares section below, you can get a better range of solutions and suggestions, alongside my own.

      ☕ WE LOVE COFFEE ☕

       
      locked content ko-fi subscribe
      Private 🔒 Inner Circle content in last few days :
      (Early Access) PLEX PASS - Price Increases Coming?
      (Early Access) How to Install UnRAID/TrueNAS on a UGREEN NAS - A Quick Install Guide
      (Early Access) The UnRAID 7 Beta - The Highlights (with Ed ‪@SpaceinvaderOne‬ )
      Why Is This 1TB USB SSD $149? And Is It Safe?
      (Early Access) Best User Friendy NAS OS for Your DiY/BYO NAS Build
      (Early Access) CLOUD Prices vs NAS Prices - HOW MUCH??????
      (Early Access) How to Use a Phone as a PLEX MEDIA SERVER - Complete Tutorial
      (Early Access) UGREEN NAS Software Review - 3 Months Later!
      (Early Access) Synology - Becoming TOO Enterprise?
      (Early Access) What Is Cloud Data Egress - And Why it SUCKS!
      (Early Access) QNAP vs UGREEN NAS - The Whole Package?
      (Early Access) The PROs and CONs of UniFi Networking
      Access content via Patreon or KO-FI
      Summary
      Review Date
      Reviewed Item
      How to Install TrueNAS on a UGREEN NAS - FULL GUIDE
      Author Rating
      51star1star1star1star1star
      Product Name
      UGREEN NAS

      DISCUSS with others your opinion about this subject.
      ASK questions to NAS community
      SHARE more details what you have found on this subject
      CONTRIBUTE with your own article or review. Click HERE
      IMPROVE this niche ecosystem, let us know what to change/fix on this site
      EARN KO-FI Share your knowledge with others and get paid for it! Click HERE

      34 thoughts on “TrueNAS on a UGREEN NAS – INSTALLATION GUIDE

      1. Bought the 8 bay in KS, booted their OS once just to check around, then immediately installed TrueNAS Scale because they don’t have the features I need yet, iSCSI and a few others. Very happy with the system though, 8 16TB HDDs with NVME cache.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      2. I bought the 6 Bay / DXP6800, haven’t even opened it yet. Will wait a couple more months before I do to save myself from the first round of bugs / limited OS challenges. I am brand new to NAS and don’t have the comfort level to run / install TrueNAS, UNRAID, etc.. Thanks for the update video!
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      3. Still not available to buy, and some complaints from people who haven’t yet received their Nas – I can’t see whether that is 1% or 10%, and I think they made it too complicated with that whole discount the $5 reservation fee thingy, and having to fill out forms with address, etc. I’m looking forward to seeing where they expand availability – hint: pick me, pick me, pick the UK. I need iSCSI but I don’t suppose that is in yet. It’s early so we have no idea if the h/w is reliable, but all their other h/w seems very reliable.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      4. So far almost unusable. New errors are added every day. There are a lot of complaints in the Facebook group and on the Discord. Often the whole raid breaks down and cannot be restored. The support ignores requests. I am currently very unhappy with this.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      5. Great summary of the OS so far, I decided to keep using the UGOS instead of using an 3rd party. However, you’ve missed that the connection to active directory doesn’t work and that fine for home users but for homelabs and businesses it’s major oversight.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      6. I would never use it since I don`t have a use case for a prebuild NAS like this, but if i had one I would be very please with this. Looking at it being their first try on NAS Systems from a company that was not in that business before is quite good and sure, a lot of things aren’t there yet, but as long as the support and development continues, that’s mostly fine with me. I will follow their development and maybe in the future I`ll even recommend them to my friends
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      7. It looks like it works well if used as a basic file sharing storage locally

        But those promised/soon/will be there/in progress functions seem still not there “yet” ????

        There is even no timetable for those things

        If just need a basic storage device there are many options in the market
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      8. Great update video, do wish ugreen had more useful apps. Is it possible u can do a video on how to install tailsacle thru docker on the ugreen NAS?
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      9. I picked up the 4 bay “pro” model. I have only used it to host some SMB shares and for those its run flawlessly. I am very happy with it, but my usage is pretty limited.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      10. Haven’t seen it done yet, but will this run Xpenology? The hardware seems to be a great value, but hearing about shared keys and lack of proper security features worries me. This could be the perfect host for gray-market Synology DSM! And I do realize that’s very much a gray area since DSM isn’t properly open-sourced – though it possibly should be.
        But licensing aside, will it run?
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      11. One of the huge drawbacks is that they override permissions on the homedir every reboot. This makes SSH unusable with keys, only password! I asked the support and got a response that nothing they can do about permission change on the .ssh directory, that’s by design.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      12. I hate seagulls! But I will admit the YouTube algorithm loves them.
        I am waiting to purchase enough drives to fill my 6 bay up, but hopefully soon I can replace two of my Synology NAS with this running TrueNAS. I appreciate your updates on the Ugreen software.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      13. I don’t trust them. They added and removed links to NAS from their homepage with no indication of a wider release to the public. I’ll wait for the next Asustor and Qnap offerings
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      14. iSCSI LUN support wouldn’t go amiss either. Support for accessing external (USB and Thunderbolt) storage with MacOS Finder and Windows Explorer (not just through UGOS) is a sorely missed feature.
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE

      15. Happy owner of a UGREEN NAS, great hardware????!
        The software is nice but lacks essential features like encryption and snapshots.

        I recommend installing TrueNAS Scale, you don’t need to open the device, and I’ve backed up the original OS on a USB stick.
        Zero risk, TrueNAS is 100x better for advances users ????
        REPLY ON YOUTUBE