WD Red or Red Plus or WD Red Pro?

WD Red vs Red Plus?

I have just bought a DS220J and want to populate it in a RAID 1 configuration with two 2TB WD Red drives. I only want to use the NAS for local storage to serve files and to back up one or two local PCs. Would you recommend the Red or the Red Plus drive?

The most important thing is HDD writing technology. WD Red SMR drives do perform very badly in RAID5/RAID6/SHR or other RAIDs apart from RAID0/RAID1. With a 2-bay NAS these drives are either merged together or mirrored. This way it has no issues with RAID rebuild speeds. Anything above 2-3 drives will cause issues. You should then choose WD Red Plus CMR type of drives. If you go above 8 drives in your NAS, you should start worrying about vibrations. This is why WD Red Pro drives are recommended. WD Red Pro drives are also much faster thanks to 7200RPM. This makes these drives more suitable for operations like WEB/ DB server, Virtual machines and docker or video editing. Downside of the Pro drives is power consumption and mainly the noise they generate. For home environment non-pro drives will run quitter and will also hibernate when not in use.

 


WD Elements 20TB Amazon.ca Other 29% off [LINK]
WD SN850x 4 TB Amazon EU Usual price 340EU, now 265 [LINK]
12TB WD Red Plus Western Digital usa USA Buy 2 12TB drives for $379.98. [LINK]
18TB WD Red Pro Western Digital usa USA Buy 2 18TB drives for $549.98. [LINK]
Makita FS2500/1 110V Tek Screwdriver Amazon UK UK 14.86 OFF (WAS 120) [LINK]

Here’s a comparison table between WD Red, WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro:

Feature WD Red WD Red Plus WD Red Pro
Capacity range 2-6TB 1-14TB 2-22TB
RPM 5400 5400 7200
Cache size 256MB 64MB to 256MB 256MB
Warranty 3 years 3 years 5 years
Workload rate limit 180 TB/year 180 TB/year 300 TB/year
NAS compatibility RAID0/1, RAID10 (2/4 bay NAS) Up to 8-bay Up to 24-bay
MTBF 1,000,000 hours 1,000,000 hours 1,200,000 hours
Price Lowest Middle Highest

WD Red: This is the basic model of the WD Red series, suitable for use in a NAS with up to 4 bays. It has a capacity range of 2-6TB, 5400 RPM, and a cache size of 256MB. It comes with a 3-year warranty and a workload rate limit of 180 TB/year.

WD Red Plus: This model has the same capacity range, RPM, and workload rate limit as the basic WD Red. However, it has a larger cache size of 64MB to 256MB and is compatible with NAS systems with up to 8 bays. It also comes with a 3-year warranty.

WD Red Pro: This model has a higher capacity range of 2-22TB, a faster 7200 RPM, and a cache size of 256MB. It is suitable for use in NAS systems with up to 24 bays and has a workload rate limit of 300 TB/year. It also has a longer 5-year warranty and a higher MTBF (1,200,000 hours) compared to the other two models.

In terms of price, WD Red is the most affordable, followed by WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro being the most expensive.

 

Here is a comparison between WD Red, WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro on the basis of noise, energy use, SMR or CMR technology, anti-vibration technology, average speed, IOPS, OptiNAND, and Advanced Format (AF):

Feature WD Red WD Red Plus WD Red Pro
Noise 20-29 dBA 20-30 dBA 20-36 dBA
Energy Use 2.5-6 W idle, 3.3-6.3 W read/write 2.5-6.3 W idle, 3.3-6.3 W read/write 5.7-8.4 W idle, 7.2-9.6 W read/write
SMR or CMR SMR CMR CMR
Anti-Vibration Technology NO NO Yes
Average Speed Up to 180 MB/s Up to 210 MB/s Up to 270 MB/s
IOPS Up to 600 IOPS Up to 600 IOPS Up to 1200 IOPS
OptiNAND No No Yes
Advanced Format (AF) Yes Yes Yes

Noise: The noise level of WD Red, WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro varies from 20 to 36 dBA. WD Red and WD Red Plus are comparatively quieter with a noise level of 20-29 and 20-30 dBA, respectively. On the other hand, WD Red Pro can be a bit louder with a noise level of 20-36 dBA. Sometimes it’s not the decibels from spinning that are unpleasant, But actual data writing operation noise.

Energy Use: The energy use of WD Red, WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro varies from 2.5 to 9.6 W. WD Red and WD Red Plus have a similar energy use of 2.5-6.3 W in idle mode and 3.3-6.3 W in read/write mode. In contrast, WD Red Pro consumes more energy, with an idle power range of 5.7-8.4 W and a read/write power range of 7.2-9.6 W.

SMR or CMR: All WD Red plus and Red Pro models use CMR (Conventional Magnetic Recording) technology instead of SMR (Shingled Magnetic Recording) technology. CMR drives are better suited for workloads that require high random write performance and are a better choice for NAS devices. WD Red (non-plus) is an SMR drive.

Anti-Vibration Technology: WD Red Pro come with anti-vibration technology to reduce vibration and noise, which is essential for use in NAS systems.

Average Speed: The average speed of WD Red, WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro varies from 180 to 260 MB/s. WD Red has a maximum speed of up to 180 MB/s, while WD Red Plus has a slightly higher speed of up to 210 MB/s. WD Red Pro has the highest average speed of up to 270 MB/s.

IOPS: The IOPS (Input/Output Operations Per Second) of WD Red, WD Red Plus, and WD Red Pro varies from 600 to 1200 IOPS. WD Red and plus have a maximum IOPS of up to 600, while WD Red Pro has the highest IOPS

 

HDD Price per TB

 

Here is a list of WD Red SMR drives.

WD Introduced WD Red plus CMR drives for people to easy differentiate these two types of drives.

 

 

WD Red Pro drives will stand out with their IOPS and general data transfer speeds. All of these drives can be used in any NAS where speed is crucial.

 

 

 

 

General differences between WD Red plus and Red Pro

With Pro drives, you get faster drive speeds, but they are also noisier.  These drives are made for harsh environments with big RAIDs and vibrations. These drives have longer life expectancy and therefore longer warranty. This breaks down to an average of around 180TB full writes/ read per year (500GB a day) on WD plus drives and 300TB per year (820GB/day) on Pro drives. You also get Optinand with Pro drives.

The Benefits of OptiNAND and ePMR

This current enables more consistent, and faster switching of the write head, thus reducing timing jitter. Higher BPI is achieved when individual bits of data can be written closer together, which leads to higher areal density. Couple ePMR together with the implementation of OptiNAND and triple stage actuators and Western Digital has been able to achieve 2.2TB per platter. In addition, OptiNAND also plays a key role in achieving higher areal density and optimizing internal algorithms, which also leads to performance benefits. OptiNAND integrates an iNAND Universal Flash Storage (UFS) Embedded Flash Drive (EFD) with traditional spinning disk media and incorporates innovative changes to the firmware algorithm and system-on-a-chip (SOC). OptiNAND has broken through the conventional boundaries of storage which have only added to Western Digital’s legacy of industry-first technologies such as the aforementioned HelioSeal and triple-stage actuators.


WD Elements 20TB Amazon.ca Other 29% off [LINK]
WD SN850x 4 TB Amazon EU Usual price 340EU, now 265 [LINK]
12TB WD Red Plus Western Digital usa USA Buy 2 12TB drives for $379.98. [LINK]
18TB WD Red Pro Western Digital usa USA Buy 2 18TB drives for $549.98. [LINK]
Makita FS2500/1 110V Tek Screwdriver Amazon UK UK 14.86 OFF (WAS 120) [LINK]

 

Fin the price difference between Plus , Pro and other drives here

HDD Price per TB

 

 

There are still quite few older SMR drives around. I would recommend having a look into a table bellow before buying a drive.

 

If you have existing RAID with old 2TB/3TB/4TB/6TB EFRX CMR drives and you need a replacement drive or you want to expand your RAID with an extra drive make sure you get a right drive. You may want to get a spare drive before these old EFRX drive are not available any more.

Here are the codes for old CMR drives:

WD20EFRX – 2TB  –  Amazon  Ebay

WD30EFRX – 3TB –  Amazon  Ebay

WD40EFRX – 4TB –  Amazon  Ebay

WD60EFRX -6TB –  Amazon  Ebay

You might still get them in some places, but not for long.

 

EFRX Price/TB Price Capacity read/write Watt cache Warranty
Western Digital WD Red WD10EFRX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 1TB 5400rpm £54 £54 1TB 150/ 3.3 64 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD20EFRX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 2TB 5400rpm £35.5 £71 2TB 147/ 4.1 64 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD30EFRX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 3TB 5400rpm £29.33 £88 3TB 147/ 4.1 64 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD40EFRX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 4TB 5400rpm £26 £104 4TB 150/ 4.5 64 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD60EFRX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 6TB 5400rpm £28.17 £169 6TB 175/ 5.3 64 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
EFAX – SMR Price/TB Price Capacity read/write Watt cache Warranty
Western Digital WD Red WD20EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 2TB 5400rpm £35.5 £71 2TB 180/ 4.1 256 3yr SMR
Western Digital WD Red WD30EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 3TB 5400rpm £28.33 £85 3TB 180/ 4.8 256 3yr SMR
Western Digital WD Red WD40EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 4TB 5400rpm £24.25 £97 4TB 180/ 4.8 256 3yr SMR
Western Digital WD Red WD60EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 6TB 5400rpm £28 £168 6TB 180/ 4.8 256 3yr SMR
Western Digital WD Red WD80EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 8TB 5400rpm £26.88 £215 8TB 210/ 8.8 256 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD101EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 10TB 5400rpm £27 £270 10TB 210/ 5.7 256 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD100EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 10TB 5400rpm £28.8 £288 10TB 210/ 5.7 256 3yr non-SMR (CMR)
Western Digital WD Red WD120EFAX 3.5″ SATA 6Gb/s 12TB 5400rpm £29.25 £351 12TB 196/ 6.3 256 3yr non-SMR (CMR)

 

 

List of WD CMR and SMR hard drives (HDD)

How to tell a difference between DM-SMR and non-SMR (CMR) drives (HDD) – compare

 



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