Comparing the Synology DS920+ vs the DS420+ NAS Drive
In the world of network-attached storage (NAS) Synology is still regarded as one of the most popular brands to buy, with a clearly defined portfolio that accommodates home and business user needs accordingly, as well as all supporting the award-winning and remarkably easy to use Diskstation Manager (DSM) software. Despite this, many users still are on the fence about choosing the right solution for their storage needs. They have decided on a Synology NAS drive, but as each system has it’s own hardware highlights and the extent to which you can use DSM, it can sometimes be easier said than done to choose the right NAS server for you. Despite the wide variety of solutions available to NAS buyers in desktop/tower form, those who are making their first purchase in a NAS solution will generally consider a 4-Bay solution. It is compact, lower overall cost and (in 2020/2021 certainly) the growth of larger Hard drives and SSD (18-20TB right now) means that even a 4-Bay NAS can support quite a large amount of data capacity (even in RAID 5). Also thanks to this, it means that the general hardware in a NAS outside of the storage (so, the CPU, the Memory, Connections and more) have had to be improved in order to meet these storage highs. Synology has several 4 Drive NAS solutions in their portfolio, that span numerous sub-ranges (Plus, Play, J, Standard and NVR) but today I want to focus on the DS420+ and DS920+ 4-Bay NAS drives, as these are very popular with home and Prosumer (professional consumer) solutions and both provide a very similar architecture at a glance, but to a differing degree and arrive at around $100-140 different in price. So, let’s take a look at both to see how they compare and which one deserves your data.
What can Both of the Synology DS920+ and DS420+ NAS Do?
It is worth highlighting that although these two NAS systems are being compared, each hoping for your data, they are both pretty good NAS drives in their own right. Of course, if you are going to go to the trouble of spending hundreds of pounds on a good network storage solution, whether as an alternative to cloud services like DropBox and Google Drive, or as a means of streaming all of your media, then chances are that you want to be doubling sure that it is going to be able to perform the tasks you need. I am pleased to confirm that regardless of whether you buy the Synology DS420+ or DS920+ NAS, it will arrive with and/or support:
- Both units feature the Intel Celeron J4000 processors for a good price vs hardware balance
- Both the DS920+ and DS420+ are constructed of plastic desktop compact chassis, thereby reducing power consumption, noise and heat generated
- Both can Stream and Transcode on the fly (so, live) 1080p HD or 4K media, with superior performance natively and mid-range performance in Plex
- Both the Synology DS920++ and DS420+ NAS support AI-supported photo and ‘thing’ recognition supported to a very high degree from the free branded software included
- For Business users who currently enjoy the use of G Suite or Office 365, both of these NAS provide excellent means to backup your mass cloud accounts (as well as natively sync, dupe and configure rules on the fly)
- Both the DS420+ NAS and DS920+ NAS support snapshots, for more incremental and version protecting failsafe in efforts to protect you from Malware and Ransomware attacks, by allowing multi-versioning storage history to browse through and restore
- Both units are DLNA certified so can be accessed, browsed and played from by popular DLNA devices, such as Amazon Firestick, Alexa, Google Home Chromecast, Apple TV, Bose, Sonos, iPads, etc, as well as connectivity between these platforms with IFTTT
- Both are multi-bay, RAID enabled devices NAS devices that support JBOD, RAID 0 and RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 6 and RAID 10 (as well as Synology Hybrid RAID too for their Plus series range), as well as supporting the very latest SATA based 16TB and 18TB NAS Hard Drives from brands like WD Red, Seagate Ironwolf, Western Digital UltraStar and Seagate EXOs media.
- Both devices run on their own proprietary operating system that can be accessed remotely or locally. These include regular updates to the firmware, security patches, applications and more. Ranging from multimedia, home and multi-tiered backup applications, to more business end tools such as Surveillance software, Virtual Machine deployment and business-class backup and synchronization tools.
- Both the DS420+ and DS920+ use and can be accessed equally by a multitude of mobile applications such as DS File, DS Video, Moments, DS Photo, DSCam and DS Music that are created by and constantly improved by Synology.
- Both NAS are completely compatible with Windows, Android and Mac systems, as well as acting as a bring between software platforms to share and distribute files for migration and file sync (with improvements in newer DSM 7.0 later in 2020 to Mac Finder file streaming and file pinning
- Both units can be used as a mail and/or business servers, providing excellent 3rd party CRM and first-party CMS systems, as well as the fantastic Synology collaboration Suite of applications Chat, Drive, Mail, Calendar, Office and Active Backup Suite
- Both systems will support DSM 7 at launch and currently arrive with DSM 6.2 as standard
- Both systems support the Synology Surveillance Station applications, support numerous cameras and arrive with 2 camera licenses with your purchase
So, regardless of whether you buy the DS420+ or DS920+ NAS, you are going to have a remarkably functional NAS drive. But, let’s dig a little deeper into the differences between these two devices.
Synology DS920+ vs the DS420+ NAS – Design
The design of the Synology DS920+ and DS420+ is near enough IDENTICAL -As much as I would like to give one NAS drive an advantage in design over another in this comparison, I just cannot. Much like the Synology DS918+ and DS418play that came before it, these two NAS systems are both designed to be compact and reliable desktop NAS systems.
Synology DS420+ NAS Gallery
In terms of the hardware architecture, I cannot choose between them, as they feature near-identical chassis design, internal ports and hardware inside. The only thing I might highlight is that the Synology DS420+
Synology DS920+ NAS Gallery
Aside from these points above, the design of these is remarkably similar and, when looking at the rear cooling and port layout, near enough identical. aside from expandability, the two are
Result – You Should Buy the Synology DS920+ NAS
Synology DS920+ vs the DS420+ NAS – Hardware
As mentioned in my introduction, the hardware architecture of these two NAS drives are actually very similar on the face of it. Both of them are:
- Intel Celeron CPUs
- DDR4 2666Mhz Memory
- 4 SATA Storage Bays
- USB 3.2 Gen 1 Equipped
- 2x 1Gbe LAN RJ45 Network Equipped
|CPU||Intel Celeron J4025 2-core 2.0 GHz, burst up to 2.9 GHz||
Intel Celeron J4125 4-core 2.0 GHz, burst up to 2.7 GHz 4 MB Cache
|GPU||Intel® UHD Graphics 600 (250 – 750 MHz (8GB))||Intel® UHD Graphics 600 250 – 750 MHz (8GB)|
|RAM||1X 2 GB DDR4 (expandable up to 6 GB) 2666Mhz||1X 4GB DDR4 (expandable up to 8 GB) 2666Mhz|
|RAM slots||1x (2GB soldered to main PCB and 1 available SODIMM Slot)||1X (4GB soldered to main PCB and 1 available SODIMM Slot)|
|Cache||Only by using a Media Bay + SSD||2 x M.2 2280 NVMe SSD (drives not included)|
|External port||2 x USB 3.0 port||2 x USB 3.0 port, 1 x eSATA port to add 5 x HDDs in the DX517|
|LAN||2 x Gigabit (RJ-45)||2 x Gigabit (RJ-45)|
|Warranty (excluding paid add-ons)||2 Years||3 Years|
Even a quick glance shows us that the Synolgoy DS920+ NAS hardware is either of a higher power, larger quantity or just has something available that the DS420+ does not. The difference (clearly highlighted in green) each tell you a way in which the DS920+ gives you more than the DS420+ – HOWEVER – It is worth remembering that both Synology NAS systems will provide very, very similar access and experience of the DSM software platform and GUI on day one to a single user. The Celeron inside each and 2/4GB DDR4 memory will keep things lovely and smooth and in terms of lite to mid-level access for a single user, you are not really going to find where exactly that $100-150 price increase on the DS920+ actually is! However, it is when you are planning on multi-user environments, multi-application environments, pushing the file types and file performance and, ultimately, if you plan on your network and storage environment growing rapidly over the next few years. The DS420+ is a very, very good NAS system and excellent for home and low-level NAS drive users, but there is the reason why it is lower in price than the DS920+ NAS. In brief, the price difference between the DS420+ and DS920+ NAS hardware can be summarized:
$100-120 extra spend gives you:
- 2x extra CPU cores, for handling bigger and more numerous tasks
- Expandability with eSATA to add 5 more Hard Drives with the Synology DX517 expansion system at a later date
- 1 extra year hardware warranty from Synology
So, even though the Synology DS420+ is a very good NAS drive, if you can budget it (or expect to grow your use of the NAS system more over the years in terms of access, users, software, connected hardware and file types) I would recommend the DS920+ NAS in 2020/2021.
Result – You Should Buy the Synology DS920+ NAS
Synology DS920+ vs the DS420+ NAS – Performance
General performance between these two NAS is going to be similar through, right up until you start using it ALOT. Also, as mentioned in the hardware section, their respect differences in hardware architecture mean that for pretty much ANY task that is supported by BOTH the DS420+ and DS920+ NAS, the DS420+ is going to use more CPU and Memory % when doing it, as the DS920+ has that better-equipped CPU and larger default memory. They BOTH have the DDR4 memory which cannot official exceed 6GB on the DS420+ but can reach 8GB on the DS920+ but a better CPU will always result in improved memory use and caching/flushing on the fly. The power use (in Watts) between them will be near enough identical in an average task (despite the slightly larger PSU Watt rating on the DS920+) as the system will only draw what it needs to run the Synology and 3rd party applications. The benefits of M,2 NVMe SSD caching on both Synology NAS systems is an interesting subject, as it something that will only really benefit users who have a shared drive (access by many people needing the same files), small frequently accessed data that you access indirectly (thumbnails, processing data, background indexes, etc) and not really of use to LARGE file access. Also the NVMe SSD slots cannot be used for raw storage (unlike an SSD installed in the main storage media bays) which might put some users off in terms of the performance benefits long term on the DS920+. Given that they both feature the support of NVMe SSD cache, the advantage is still in the CPU featured in the DS920+ undoubtedly produce greater results in terms of performance.
There are other benefits to the Synology software platform of course. There are a whole bunch of backup options in Synology Hyper Backup and Synology Active Backup (supported on both the DS420+ and DS920+) that allow you to create a business class surveillance (NAS NVR) in your home or small office/business space. Though it is worth remembering that the DS920+ CPU will allow you to run more simultaneous cameras at a given time, despite their identical memory. Likewise, they both support Virtual Machines (with the Synology Virtua Machine Manager) software, however, despite both being a bit limited in VM deployment (that low memory again) the quad-core equipped DS920+ will do a much better job of Virtual Machine support in Windows 10 environments. Both systems will run the portfolio of Synology collaboration applications (File Station, Moments, Mail, Chat, Calendar, Office, Drive, Notes, etc) but the Synology DS920+ will support more directories, users, active syncs and simultaneously accessing users/programs than the DS420+ NAS. Even in terms of multimedia, they both (in their base setup) provide the same level of support, it is just simply the case that the DS920+ has more hardware under the hood, which translates into better software performance all round.
|Hardware encryption engine||Yes (AES-NI)||Yes (AES-NI)|
|Power||28.30W accessing / 8.45 W Hybernate||32.17 W / 9.69 W|
|Noise value||19.8 dB (A)||19.8 dB (A)|
|Codec h264||Decode / Encode||Decode / Encode|
|Codec h265 8bit||Decode||Decode|
|Codec h265 10bit||NO||NO|
|Codec VP8||Decode / Encode||Decode / Encode|
|Codec VP9||Decode / Encode||Decode / Encode|
|Codec AVC||Decode / Encode||Decode / Encode|
|PLEX HD||Yes (mostly – Will Require More RAM)||Yes (mostly)|
|PLEX 4K||Yes (without transcoding)||Yes (without transcoding)|
|Native 1080p||Yes (Mostly)||Yes (Mostly)|
|Native 4K||Yes (Mostly)||Yes (Mostly)|
Of course, it needs to be addressed that a large % of people buying the Synology DS420+ or DS920+ NAS are doing so to enjoy multimedia, whether by using the first-party applications (Video Station, Music Station and Photo Station/Moment/Synology Photos) that are included with your NAS system, or popular 3rd party services such use as a Plex Media Server. In the case of first-party Synology applications, both systems perform remarkably well and close in a 1-person-access manner. This was to be expected, given that they both have an Intel Celeron processor with embedded graphics, so there is a component that is specifically designed in the architecture of that processor to handle graphic creation and handling (ie 4K and 1080p support in this case). Below is the performance of each in Synology Video Stations
|Synology DS420+ Video Station Test
|Synology DS920+ Video Station Test
Then there is Plex Media Server performance and how it handles the conversion of files on the fly (transcoding). Both systems perform well for their price tag, but the DS920+ just has more hardware available to it to get the job done and it cannot be overlooked. Below is how each of the NAS systems performed as a Plex Media server, playing and converting 720p, 1080p and 4K across a variety of formats.
|Synology DS420+ Plex Test
|Synology DS920+ Plex Test
Before we decide between these NAS based on multimedia, it is worth highlighting that the Plex Media Server application that is installed on the Synology NAS system (with regard to the Intel Celeron J4000 processors across all devices really) does NOT use the default drivers that the CPU needs to enable full access to the CPU transcoding engine and (certainly in the case of the testing above) affected the results at the time of recording. Since then, there has been a fix that vastly improves the performance of Plex Media Server on the Synology DS420+, DS920+, DS420+ and DS920+. You can read the guide on this HERE, or you can watch the video breakdown HERE. Aside from this, I think it is once again fair to say that in terms of performance, across all types, the DS920+ is still the better Synology NAS system overall for the money in this section.
Result – You Should Buy the Synology DS920+ NAS
Synology DS920+ vs the DS420+ NAS – Conclusion
It will come as absolutely no surprise that I recommend that between the Synology DS920+ and DS420+, I will almost completely recommend the Synology DS920+ NAS Drive. The DS420+ is still a solid, reliable and very user-friendly solution, which also benefits from a lower power use in comparison and more affordable price point, but you are just getting so much more for your money in the DS920+ NAS and even if you need to make compromises in your choice of hard drive capacity in order to stay within your budget, you will not regret it. The Synology DS920+ NAS gets more done, get’s it done quicker and does it with more resources left over to do more afterwards – it’s a solid WIN from me.
In Summary, if you are looking to buy the DS420+ or DS920+ NAS;
Best NAS for Plex Media Server = Synology DS920+ NAS
Best NAS for Surveillance = Synology DS920+ NAS
Best NAS for Virtual Machines = Synology DS920+ NAS
Best NAS for Photographers = Synology DS920+ NAS
Best NAS for Business = Synology DS920+ NAS